RoRBook/Meshes

From Rigs of Rods Wiki

Jump to:navigation, search
Note: Tutorials marked red are currently not available!
  1. Introduction
  2. Working Environment
  3. Land-based Vehicles and Basics
    1. Basic Requirements
    2. First Beams/Nodes
    3. Rigidity
    4. Wheels
    5. Engine
    6. Suspension
    7. Steering
    8. Commands
    9. Hooks
    10. Submeshes
    11. Flares
    12. Props
    13. Details
  4. Objects and Texturing
    1. Meshes
      1. Tools
      2. Basic Rules
    2. Materials
    3. Flexbodies
  5. Aircraft and Winged Vehicles
    1. Simple Aircraft
    2. Wings
    3. Fusedrag
    4. Engines
      1. Props
      2. Jets
  6. Nautical Vehicles and Boats
    1. Simple Boats
    2. Engines
  7. Packaging

Contents

Meshes

Foreword

So, you want to make static objects for Rigs of Rods? Well, there are certain idiosyncrasies about meshes in Rigs of Rods which need to be accounted for. This article will go over the basics of meshes and how they work.

What is a mesh?

Figure 1: A mesh
Figure 2: NOT a mesh

A mesh is a collection of triangle shaped faces with textures on them, essentially. Anything can be simulated with a mesh, though some things are better simulated with other methods. Meshes are used by Rigs of Rods to simulate static objects (roads, buildings, etc.), props (objects attached to vehicles which are too complex to simulate via nodes-and-beams, such as fueltanks and the like), and, new in 0.36, flexbody vehicles (meshes which deform according to the vehicle's deformations). You can create a mesh with any 3D program with an OGRE exporter (Blender, 3DS, AC3D, Google SketchUp, etc.)

Meshes in Rigs of Rods

Rigs of Rods meshes use the .mesh format used by OGRE, its graphics engine. We will not teach how to 3D model here, because that would fill another three or four wikibooks, but we will give you some basic guidelines.

Modeling

Keep your models low-poly, as Rigs of Rods does not yet support LODs.

Collision Mesh Modeling

Keep everything as one continuous surface rather than a collection of boxes so as to not confuse the collision engine. Animated collision meshes are not supported. For more info on collision mesh troubleshooting, see Collision Mesh Troubleshooting.

LODs

What's a LOD?

LOD is short for "Level of Detail" and it refers to meshes which reduce in detail according to the distance from the observer. For example, the object may have 2,000 polys if one is right next to it, but only 200 if one is 200 meters away.

Creating LODs

LODs are now explicitly supported by Rigs of Rods. To create a LOD mesh, make a lower-detailed version of your mesh, and export it with a different name, i.e. "mesh_lod1.mesh" or something of that ilk. Then, define the LODs in the .odef file (described below).

The .Odef file

An odef file is formatted like this:

 
mymesh.mesh
1,1,1
beginmesh
mesh mycollisionmesh.mesh
endmesh

beginlodmesh
100, mymesh_lod1.mesh
300, mymesh_lod2.mesh
1000, mymesh_lod

end

First is the name of the mesh. Then the scale (Usually just leave this as it is.) Then we define collision meshes. This starts with "beginmesh", then the collision mesh prefixed be "mesh", then "endmesh". Then we define LOD meshes. The number is the distance in meters from the camera when the mesh switches to the LOD specified. The file MUST terminate with "end" or it'll crash the program.

That's it for this article, head on over to Tools for info on how to export from your favorite modeling program.



About Rigs of Rods

    Rigs of Rods is a unique soft body physics simulator.


Some Tools


Partners

SourceForge.net

Follow us

Twitter youtube Facebook RSS Feed


impressum